A spiking neuromorphic design with resistive crossbar

TitleA spiking neuromorphic design with resistive crossbar
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsC Liu, B Yan, C Yang, L Song, Z Li, B Liu, Y Chen, H Li, Q Wu, and H Jiang
Conference NameProceedings Design Automation Conference
Date Published07/2015

Neuromorphic systems recently gained increasing attention for their high computation efficiency. Many designs have been proposed and realized with traditional CMOS technology or emerging devices. In this work, we proposed a spiking neuromorphic design built on resistive crossbar structures and implemented with IBM 130nm technology. Our design adopts a rate coding scheme where pre- and post-neuron signals are represented by digitalized pulses. The weighting function of pre-neuron signals is executed on the resistive crossbar in analog format. The computing result is transferred into digitalized output spikes via an integrate-and-fire circuit (IFC) as the post-neuron. We calibrated the computation accuracy of the entire system through circuit simulations. The results demonstrated a good match to our analytic modeling. Furthermore, we implemented both feedforward and Hopfield networks by utilizing the proposed neuromorphic design. The system performance and robustness were studied through massive Monte-Carlo simulations based on the application of digital image recognition. Comparing to the previous crossbar-based computing engine that represents data with voltage amplitude, our design can achieve >50% energy savings, while the average probability of failed recognition increase only 1.46% and 5.99% in the feedforward and Hopfield implementations, respectively.