|Title||Nonvolatile memories as the data storage system for implantable ecg recorder|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2012|
|Authors||Z Sun, X Chen, Y Zhang, H Li, and Y Chen|
|Journal||Acm Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems|
|Pagination||1 - 16|
In this article, we propose a data storage systemwith the emerging nonvolatilememory technologies used for the implantable electrocardiography (ECG) recorder. The proposed storage system can record the digitalized real-time ECG waveforms continuously inside the implantable device and export the stored data to external reader periodically to obtain a long-term backup. Spin transfer torque random access memory (STT-RAM) and spintronic memristor are selected as the storage elements for their nonvolatility, high density, high reliability, low power consumption, good scalability, and CMOS technology compatibility. The new read and write schemes of STT-RAM and spintronic memristors are presented and optimized to fit the specific application scenario. The tradeoffs among data accuracy, chip area, and read/write energy for the different technologies are thoroughly analyzed and compared. Our simulation results show the configuration with a data sampling rate (e.g., 128 Hz) and a quantization resolution (e.g., 12 bits) can record 18-hour real-time data within ∼ 3.6-mm2 chip area when the data storage is built with single-level cell (SLC) STT-RAMs. Daily energy consumption is 5.46 mJ. Utilizing the multilevel cell (MLC) STT-RAMs or the spintronic memristors as the storage elements can further reduce the chip area and decrease energy dissipation. © 2012 ACM.
|Short Title||Acm Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems|