An electroforming-free, analog interface-type memristor based on a SrFeO<inf>x</inf> epitaxial heterojunction for neuromorphic computing

TitleAn electroforming-free, analog interface-type memristor based on a SrFeOx epitaxial heterojunction for neuromorphic computing
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsJ Rao, Z Fan, L Hong, S Cheng, Q Huang, J Zhao, X Xiang, EJ Guo, H Guo, Z Hou, Y Chen, X Lu, G Zhou, X Gao, and JM Liu
JournalMaterials Today Physics
Date Published05/2021

Distinct from the conductive filament-type counterparts, the interface-type resistive switching (RS) devices are electroforming-free and exhibit bidirectionally continuous conductance changes, making them promising candidates as analog synapses. While the interface-type RS devices typically operate through the interfacial oxygen migration, materials which can tolerate a wide range of oxygen non-stoichiometry and possess high oxygen mobility are therefore demanded. SrFeOx (SFO), which can easily transform between a conductive, oxygenated perovskite SrFeO3 (PV-SFO) phase and an insulating, oxygen-vacancy-rich brownmillerite SrFeO2.5 (BM-SFO) phase under electric field, emerges as a suitable material. Herein, an interface-type RS device is ingeniously structured by two epitaxial SFO layers: a PV-SFO matrix layer and an ultrathin BM-SFO interfacial layer, aiming to leverage the oxygen migration-induced interfacial BM-PV phase transformation to realize the gradual conductance modulation. Experimentally, the fabricated device exhibits electroforming-free, analog memristive behavior. This device also emulates essential synaptic functions, including excitatory postsynaptic current, paired-pulse facilitation, transition from short-term memory to long-term memory, spike-timing-dependent plasticity, and potentiation/depression. A simulated neural network built from the SFO-based synapses achieves accuracies above 88% for image recognition. This work provides a novel approach to use the SFO family of topotactic materials for developing analog synapses as building blocks for neuromorphic computing circuits.

Short TitleMaterials Today Physics