An Efficient Programming Framework for Memristor-based Neuromorphic Computing

TitleAn Efficient Programming Framework for Memristor-based Neuromorphic Computing
Publication TypeConference Paper
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsGL Zhang, B Li, X Huang, C Shen, S Zhang, F Burcea, H Graeb, TY Ho, H Li, and U Schlichtmann
Conference NameProceedings Design, Automation and Test in Europe, Date
Date Published02/2021

Memristor-based crossbars are considered to be promising candidates to accelerate vector-matrix computation in deep neural networks. Before being applied for inference, mem-ristors in the crossbars should be programmed to conductances corresponding to the network weights after software training. Existing programming methods, however, adjust conductances of memristors individually with many programming-reading cycles. In this paper, we propose an efficient programming framework for memristor crossbars, where the programming process is partitioned into the predictive phase and the fine-tuning phase. In the predictive phase, multiple memristors are programmed simultaneously with a memristor programming model and IR-drop estimation. To deal with the programming inaccuracy resulting from process variations, noise and IR-drop and move conductances to target values, memristors are fine-tuned afterwards to reach a specified programming accuracy. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed method can reduce the number of programming-reading cycles by up to 94.77% and 90.61% compared to existing one-by-one and row-by-row programming methods, respectively.