|Title||Compiler-assisted refresh minimization for volatile STT-RAM cache|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2013|
|Authors||Q Li, J Li, L Shi, CJ Xue, Y Chen, and Y He|
|Conference Name||Proceedings of the Asia and South Pacific Design Automation Conference, Asp Dac|
Spin-Transfer Torque RAM (STT-RAM) has been proposed to build on-chip caches because of its attractive features: high storage density and negligible leakage power. Recently, researchers propose to improve the write performance of STT-RAM by relaxing its non-volatility property. To avoid data loss resulting from volatility, refresh schemes are proposed. However, refresh operations consume additional energy. In this paper, we propose to reduce the number of refresh operations through re-arranging program data layout at compilation time. An N-refresh scheme is also proposed. Experimental results show that, on average, the proposedmethods can reduce the number of refresh operations by 73.3%, and reduce the dynamic energy consumption by 27.6%. © 2013 IEEE.