|Title||Circuit and microarchitecture evaluation of 3D stacking magnetic RAM (MRAM) as a universal memory replacement|
|Publication Type||Conference Paper|
|Year of Publication||2008|
|Authors||X Dong, X Wu, G Sun, Y Xie, H Li, and Y Chen|
|Conference Name||Proceedings Design Automation Conference|
Magnetic Random Access Memory (MRAM) has been considered as a promising memory technology due to many attractive properties. Integrating MRAM with CMOS logic may incur extra manufacture cost, due to its hybrid magnetic-CMOS fabrication process. Stacking MRAM on top of CMOS logics using 3D integration is a way to minimize this cost overhead. In this paper, we discuss the circuit design issues for MRAM, and present the MRAM cache model. Based on the model, we compare MRAM against SRAM and DRAM in terms of area, performance, and energy. Finally we conduct architectural evaluation for 3D microprocessor stacking with MRAM. The experimental results show that MRAM stacking offers competitive IPC performance with a large reduction in power consumption compared to SRAM and DRAM counterparts. Copyright 2008 ACM.